Adopted from Foundation of English Grammar by Professor E. Aminudin Aziz
Sentence is the WORDS GROUP.
A group of words, usually containing a verb, which expresses a thought in the form of a statement, question, instruction or exclamation and starts with a capital letter when written.
[Cambridge Advance Learner Dictionary Third Edition]
A set of words that is complete in itself, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command and typically containing a subject and predicate.
Middle English (also in the sense ’way of thinking, opinion’): via Old French from Latin sententia ’opinion’.
[Concise Oxford English Dictionary Eleventh Edition]
The focus to distinguish sentence is MEANING and STRUCTURE
Sentences divide to three classifications.
1. 1 Simple
Sentence which is contain with one meaning1 and simple structure2.
We are learning English grammar.
2. 2 Compound
Sentence which is contain with two comments1 and include a conjuncture2.
Tantra is looking at Amin.(simple)
Bobby is finding his book.(simple)
Tantrais looking at amin, but bobby is finding his book.(compound)
Conjuncture is dividing into two; coordinator and sub coordinator. In compound sentence, the structure uses coordinator because the structure of sentence is not change significantly.
3. 3 Complex
Sentence which is contain with one topic or more1 , include a sub coordinator (adverbial)2 and have main clause with sub clause3.
Amin was in the room when students arrived.
(Topic)(Main Clause)(Sub coordinator)(Sub Clause)
The main clause is the full sentence and can stand alone without sub clause, this is to differentiate main clause and sub clause.
What about this sentence:
Tantra and Bobby are looking at Amin.
I know where Febby lives.
Meyza said that Prita was her classmate.
I need your opinions.
Sandi JuandiLabels: English Subject, Learning English, Lecturer